India@75: (1951- The First Five Year plan)

India@75: (1951- The First Five Year plan)

India’s economy post-British Rule was in shambles. By the end of the British Rule in India, official census’s stated that India’s literacy rate was only about 12% (According to Oxfam) and much of India’s economy relied primarily on revenue from agriculture; recognising the importance of building the primary sector of the economy, Jawaharlal Nehru initiated [...]

India@75 (1950): India becomes a Republic

India@75 (1950): India becomes a Republic

1950 was another significant year for India, with India becoming a republic during this time. India’s first Republic Day was celebrated on 26th January, starting a tradition that has continued ever since. On this day, the Indian constitution came into force, thereby nullifying the 1935 Government India Act which was a remnant of British Rule [...]

India@75 (1949: The Adoption of the Constitution)

India@75 (1949: The Adoption of the Constitution)

One of independent India’s most significant achievements post-1947 was the adoption of the constitution. The document was adopted on 26th November 1949, making India a sovereign, democratic republic on paper.  Interestingly, most members in the constituent assembly who pioneered the creation of the constitution were from the Congress party. However, the intensity of the constituent [...]

Important events and milestones India @ 75 (1948)

Important events and milestones India @ 75 (1948)

1948: Gandhi’s assassinationOn January 30th 1948, darkness enveloped the nation. Just months after independence, Mahatma Gandhi, one of India’s foremost freedom fighters was assassinated by a member of the Hindu Mahasabha, Nathuram Godse. Once an ardent supporter of Gandhi’s philosophy, Godse’s decision to assassinate him stemmed from a dislike of Gandhi’s behaviour towards Muslims. Regardless [...]

Important events and milestones India @ 75 (1947)

Important events and milestones India @ 75 (1947)

India at Birth and its “Tryst with Destiny”:India became an independent nation on August 15th, 1947. Born on the same night as another country Pakistan, the two countries grew to see vastly divergent outcomes. At midnight, India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru delivered his momentous “Tryst with Destiny” speech in the constituent assembly. The speech [...]

The Blood Telegram, India’s Secret War with Pakistan (Book review)

The Blood Telegram, India’s Secret War with Pakistan (Book review)

The Blood Telegram by Gary J. Bass is insightful, reflective and thoroughly well researched; the book offers a new perspective on the frequently chronicled 1971 India-Pakistan War, which led to the creation of Bangladesh. Outlining the turn of events in the leadup to the 14-day War in 1971, Bass also offers a scathing criticism of [...]

The Spanish Civil War (Part 3)

The Spanish Civil War (Part 3)

The significance of foreign intervention in influencing the outcome of the Spanish Civil War cannot be overstated enough by historians. Several have unanimously agreed that it considerably lengthened and intensified the war while ensuring that Spain's domestic issues were overtaken and submerged by the more significant ideological battles that were taking place in Europe. Of [...]

The Spanish Civil War- Part 2 (The trigger in 1936)

The Spanish Civil War- Part 2 (The trigger in 1936)

The infamous Spanish Civil War was a culmination of brewing political tensions between the Republicans and the Nationalists. Hostile public sentiment and drastic reform from one regime to the next, in the leadup to 1936, led to this brutal conflict. With an unprecedented death toll of nearly one million people as estimated by the Nationalist [...]

The Spanish Civil War – Part 1

The Spanish Civil War – Part 1

Culminating in the year 1936, the Spanish Civil war is considered one of the most brutal landmarks in 19th-century history. Fundamentally, the conflict was the product of nearly three decades of widening political polarisation and a tussle for power between the two dominant ideological groups: The Republicans and the Nationalists.  While the conflict itself took [...]

The Indus Valley Civilisation: Lost and found after 5000 years

The Indus Valley Civilisation: Lost and found after 5000 years

The Indus Valley Civilization was one of the oldest known cultures that flourished in the Indian Subcontinent between c. 3300- c. 1300 BCE. Mentioned first in Vedic Sources, this ancient civilisation is often referred to as The Indus Saraswathi Civilization or the Harappan Civilisation due to its situation along the Indus and Saraswathi rivers and [...]