An analysis of “Jinnah: His Successes, Failures and Role in History” by Ishtiaq Ahmed

An analysis of “Jinnah: His Successes, Failures and Role in History” by Ishtiaq Ahmed

Through the book, Ahmed puts forward arguments outlining the primary causes attributed to Jinnah's success and recognition as a leader in the buildup to the partition. One of the primary arguments that Ahmed focuses extensively on is the idea that the initial lack of success of the Quit India Movement was a pivotal step in [...]

Book review: The Sole Spokesman by Ayesha Jalal

Book review: The Sole Spokesman by Ayesha Jalal

The Sole Spokesman by Ayesha Jalal is a book takes a strong stand against the common teleological assumption that “the end result of the … partition was the ultimate goal of Muslim politics” and Jinnah in the years leading up to 1947. Through the book, Jalal’s arguments aim to explain Jinnah’s nuanced motives at the [...]

The Oslo Accords

The Oslo Accords

General introduction about the Oslo Accords:  The Oslo Accords marked a significant milestone in the endeavour for peace in the Israel-Palestine conflict. The accords consisted of two agreements ratified by the Israeli administration and the PLO, whose primary objective was to ensure the establishment of a Palestinian State. The first accord was signed in Washington [...]

A century of conflict without resolution (Part 3)

A century of conflict without resolution (Part 3)

In the year 1948, Israel declared independence and was recognised as a member of the UN. The declaration of the creation of Israel, however, triggered a strong response in the five neighbouring Arab states of Jordan, Egypt, Syria, Iraq, and Lebanon, who moved in to occupy the former Mandatory Palestine region. This came to be [...]

The Balfour Declaration – “The Pandora’s Box” of the Middle East (Part 1 of the Israel-Palestine conflict)

The Balfour Declaration – “The Pandora’s Box” of the Middle East (Part 1 of the Israel-Palestine conflict)

The Israel-Palestine conflict has been an ongoing conflict for several decades. To fully understand the conflict, however, its significance from pre-biblical times must be considered.  A majority of the knowledge about ancient Israel is sourced from the Bible. The founder of the region of Israel was Abraham, a Biblical figure who is considered the “Father [...]

The League of Nations: The precursor to the UN

The League of Nations: The precursor to the UN

The League of Nations was an ambitious yet unsuccessful endeavour of the twentieth century that laid the foundation and idea of an unbiased international organisation to maintain diplomatic relations around the world; it is to this day considered the “forerunner to the United Nations”. The first of its kind, the League of Nations was an [...]