India@75 (1952: The first Lok Sabha Elections)

The first ever Lok Sabha election in independent India was held between October 25 ,1951, and February 21, 1952. Around 173 million people out of our population of around 360 million at the time were eligible voters. 1949 candidates contested for 489 seats in the Lok Sabha, the founding elections of the world’s largest democracy.

Despite the fact that only 13% of India’s population were literate at the time, India had an impressive election turnout with over 45.7% of the population voting. The Congress emerged victorious after the first election winning 364 seats which was 45% of the total votes. In a historic result, Jawaharlal Nehru went on to become the first democratically elected Prime Minister of India.